Affordable Access

[Factors involved in host-pathogen interaction for the risk of Hodgkin lymphoma induced by Epstein Barr virus].

Authors
  • Torres Espíndola, Luz María
  • Arellano Galindo, José
  • Velazquez Cruz, Rafael
  • Castillejos López, Manuel de Jesús
Type
Published Article
Journal
Investigación clínica
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2013
Volume
54
Issue
3
Pages
311–324
Identifiers
PMID: 24354244
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is a neoplasm characterized by malignant cells called Reed Sternberg and Hodgkin's cells in the lymphatic system. Such cells comprise 1% of the tumor while the remainder is made up of lymphocytes, histiocytes, eosinophils and plasma non-neoplastic cells. The annual global incidence of HL is 3-10/100,000 inhabitants and is most commonly found in young adults. The mechanism by which cell transformation is accomplished is not entirely clear; however, some evidences suggest that oncogenic viruses like the Epstein Barr virus (EBV) may have a high impact on the pathogenesis of lymphoproliferation. Genetic and environmental factors could be involved, since it has been found a high incidence of HL among members of the same family. In Mexico, there have been studies to determine the prevalence of EBV in patients with HL and found the presence of this virus in up to 64.2% of the cases. EBV has been detected in the Reed Sternberg cells and Hodgkin cells in 50% of cases of classical HL. There is not a satisfactory explanation for this, but it has been proposed that geographic and immunological variabilities play a role in the positivity of EBV in HL. However, despite recent advances in the field, there is insufficient evidence to show a clear association between host factors, environment and pathogens, and the risk of lymphoproliferation leading to the development of HL. This review aims to give an overview about the risk factors that influence the interaction of host, pathogens and environment in the etiology of HL.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times