This article investigates the extent to which a proactive two-phased recruitment approach resulted in recruitment of a representative sample of older adults from two lower income congregate housing facilities into a physical activity promotion program. Enrollees were similar to nonenrollees with respect to education, gender, marital status, race/ethnicity, self-rated health, physical functioning, psychological distress, exercise frequency, level of social contact, having a confidant, use of alcohol, and smoking status. However, enrollees were younger, more likely to speak English as a primary language, less likely to be completely sedentary, and more likely to be overweight. Overall, 21% of the target population were recruited into the program. Recruitment strategies such as those used in this study appeared to enable enrollment of a reasonably representative sample of a small well-defined population.