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A facile and label-free ratiometric optical sensor for selective detection of norepinephrine by combining second-order scattering and fluorescence signals

Authors
  • Zhang, Ying
  • Ren, Wang
  • Fan, Yu Zhu
  • Dong, Jiang Xue
  • Luo, Hong Qun
  • Li, Nian Bing
Type
Published Article
Journal
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
May 10, 2019
Volume
411
Issue
14
Pages
3081–3089
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s00216-019-01762-w
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

In this work, a facile and label-free ratiometric sensor is constructed for selective determination of norepinephrine (NE) by coupling second-order scattering (SOS) and fluorescence, two different and independent optical signals. Herein, polyethyleneimine (PEI) dilute solution medium shows an intensive SOS signal without any fluorescence response. Interestingly, NE can be selectively induced by PEI to emit bright fluorescence, and meanwhile causes an observable decrease in the SOS signal due to the interactions between NE and PEI. The simultaneous variation of the two independent signals can be used for ratiometric sensing of NE. Under the optimal conditions, the resultant ratiometric sensor displays high sensitivity and selectivity toward NE by simultaneously monitoring fluorescence and SOS signals with the same excitation wavelength. The proposed sensor exhibits a good linear relationship versus NE concentration in the range of 10.0 nM–45.0 μM with a detection limit of 2.0 nM (S/N = 3) and has been successfully applied to the determination of NE in real samples without the use of any extra reagent. The combination of fluorescence and SOS signals provides a new scheme for ratiometric sensor design, greatly simplifying experimental procedure and effectively enhancing detection accuracy. Moreover, the proposed analytical strategy further broadens the application of dilute solutions of polymers in research into optical sensor and green analytical chemistry. Graphical abstract

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