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Fabrication of high surface area PAN-based activated carbon fibers using response surface methodology

Authors
  • Maddah, Bozorgmehr1
  • Nasouri, Komeil2
  • 1 Imam Hossein University, Department of Chemistry, Tehran, 16575-416, Iran , Tehran (Iran)
  • 2 AmirKabir University of Technology, Department of Textile Engineering, Tehran, 15875-4413, Iran , Tehran (Iran)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Fibers and Polymers
Publisher
The Korean Fiber Society
Publication Date
Oct 29, 2015
Volume
16
Issue
10
Pages
2141–2147
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s12221-015-5514-4
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

This study reports on the modeling and optimization of the iodine number of activated carbon fiber (ACF), using response surface methodology (RSM) based on the full factorial design (FFD). The individual and the interaction effects of the effective factors such as activation temperature (800, 900 and 1000 °C), time (1, 2 and 3 h), and activator type (KOH and NaOH) on the iodine number of the ACF were investigated in the optimization section. The FFD analysis confirmed that activation temperature and time were the main significant variables affecting the iodine number. High regression coefficient between the variables and the iodine number (R2=0.9170) indicates excellent evaluation of experimental data by quadratic polynomial model. The RSM model predicted the 1028 value of the highest iodine number at conditions of 920 °C activation temperature, and 2.20 h of the time with used KOH for activator in activation process. The obtained FFD results confirmed that the selected RSM model presented acceptable performance for evaluating the involved factors and prediction of the ACF iodine number. The ACF produced under optimized conditions was characterized by pore structure analysis, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and N2 adsorption/desorption isotherm. The obtained results showed that the produced ACF has developed porous structure and fibrous shape.

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