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Features of Escalation Scenarios-3

Elsevier B.V.
DOI: 10.1016/b978-0-444-54323-3.00003-8
  • Accident Scenario
  • Domino Chain
  • Domino Effect Definition
  • Escalation
  • Major Accident Hazard


Abstract The first step in the assessment of domino accident scenarios is the definition of the basic elements of escalation resulting in a domino effect. In the present chapter, the fundamental elements of a domino accident are discussed. A generic and unambiguous definition for “domino effect” is provided, taking into consideration a myriad of definitions for the term that have been suggested since 1984. An approach is elaborated and discussed to allow drafting a comprehensive and full-scale categorization of events that may constitute a domino accident. The concepts of propagation and escalation are clarified. The possibility of simple, multiple-level and parallel propagation are introduced and discussed. A framework for the quantitative assessment of domino scenarios is provided.

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