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Antimony oxide thin films from the atmospheric pressure chemical vapour deposition reaction of antimony pentachloride and ethyl acetate

Authors
Journal
Polyhedron
0277-5387
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
25
Issue
15
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.poly.2006.05.006
Keywords
  • Apcvd
  • Antimony Oxide
  • Gas Sensor
Disciplines
  • Chemistry

Abstract

Graphical abstract The reaction of antimony pentachloride and ethyl acetate under atmospheric pressure chemical vapour deposition conditions leads to the production of antimony (III) oxide thin films on glass and gas sensor substrates. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) indicated that an island growth mechanism predominated. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) revealed binding energy shifts of 20.6 eV for O 2s and 35.4 eV for Sb 4d. The films were X-ray amorphous. Energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDXA) and electron probe microanalysis (EPMA) gave coherent elemental compositions indicating that single phase Sb 2O 3 was made, with negligible impurity levels. The films showed little optical reflectance (∼10%) and 65–75% total transmission from 400 to 800 nm. Gas sensing experiments indicated that the films responded best to a reducing gas at 400 °C.

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