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Redefining phenotypes in eating disorders based on personality: A latent profile analysis

Authors
Journal
Psychiatry Research
0165-1781
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
188
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2011.05.026
Keywords
  • Ednos
  • Eating Disorders
  • Classification
  • Latent Profile Analysis
  • Personality
  • Impulsive Behaviors
Disciplines
  • Medicine

Abstract

Abstract To conduct a latent profile analysis (LPA) in eating disorder (ED) patients using temperament and character (TCI-R) measures as indicators. 1312 ED patients including those with anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN) and EDNOS were assessed. The final LPA solution was validated using demographics, clinical variables, ED symptomatology (EDI-2) and impulsive behaviors. The best-fitting model consisted of a six-profile solution using the seven subscales of the TCI-R. These profiles were labeled: “self-focused”, “inhibited”, “average”, “impulsive”, “adaptive” and “maladaptive”. Validation analyses indicated that the “inhibited” and “maladaptive” profiles generally presented with the highest values for ED symptomatology and impulsive behaviors. Whereas high levels of Harm Avoidance and low levels of Novelty Seeking and Persistence characterized the “inhibited” profile, the “maladaptive” profile presented with low levels of Reward Dependence, Self-Directedness and Cooperativeness. The most favorable results on the other hand were exhibited by the “adaptive” profile, characterized by high scores on Reward Dependence, Self-Directedness, Cooperativeness and low levels on Novelty Seeking. Finally, when our six-profile solution was compared with the DSM-IV ED diagnoses, significant differences among profiles and ED diagnoses were observed. Our study shows that ED patients can be meaningfully grouped according to temperament and character.

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