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Development of an integrated electrochemical system for in vitro yeast viability testing

Authors
Journal
Biosensors and Bioelectronics
0956-5663
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
40
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.bios.2012.07.070
Keywords
  • Isfet
  • Integrated Reference Electrode
  • Cell Growth Monitoring
  • Wine Yeast

Abstract

Abstract This work describes the development and testing of a microfabricated sensor for rapid cell growth monitoring, especially focused on yeast quality assessment for wine applications. The device consists of a NMOS ISFET sensor with Si3N4 gate, able to indirectly monitor extracellular metabolism through pH variation of the medium, and a solid-state reference electrode implemented with PVC membranes doped with lipophilic salts (tetrabutylammonium-tetrabutylborate (TBA-TBB) and Potassium tetrakis(4-chlorphenyl)borate (KTClpB)). The use of a solid state reference electrode enables the implementation of a large number of cell assays in parallel, without the need of external conventional reference electrodes. Microbial growth testing has been performed both in standard culture conditions and on chip at different concentrations of ethanol in order to carry out a commonly used screening of wine yeast strains. Cell growth tests can be performed in few hours, providing a fast, sensitive and low cost analysis with respect to the conventional procedures.

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