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Clinical Follow-Up Examination of Surgically Treated Fractures of the Condylar Process Using the Transparotid Approach

Authors
Journal
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
0278-2391
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
68
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.joms.2009.04.047
Disciplines
  • Medicine

Abstract

Purpose The surgical approaches for the open treatment of condylar process fractures have been controversial. In our study, we evaluated the morbidity of the transparotid approach during 2 years of follow-up. Patients and Methods A total of 48 patients with condylar process Class II and IV fractures according to classification of Spiessl and Schroll, were included in the present study. Of the 48 patients, 16 were female and 32 male. The patient age range was 16 to 79 years (average 36.52). All patients were treated using the transparotid approach, with rigid internal fixation using miniplates. Follow-up examinations were performed for a minimum of 6.5 months and a maximum of 25 months (average 12.16) after surgical treatment. At the follow-up examination, the patients completed the Mandibular Function Impairment Questionnaire, and the examiner completed the Helkimo index. X-rays taken before, directly after, and 6 months after surgery were compared. Results None of our patients had problems with wound healing; 2 patients developed a fistula of the parotid gland; and 4 patients developed palsy of the facial nerve that was completely reversible after 6 weeks. The results of the Mandibular Function Impairment Questionnaire and the Helkimo index revealed only a few subjective and objective problems after 6 months. Conclusions The transparotid approach to condylar process fractures is most appropriate for strongly displaced Class II fractures. Especially for very old patients with dementia, for whom maxillomandibular fixation is contraindicated, this approach is very appropriate. Another benefit to this type of patient is the short operating time, with an average of 45 minutes.

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