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Frictional coefficients of ion-implanted alumina against ion-implanted beta-titanium in the low load, low velocity, single pass regime

Authors
Journal
Dental Materials
0109-5641
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
8
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0109-5641(92)90076-o
Disciplines
  • Engineering

Abstract

Abstract The frictional coefficients were measured for four wire alloys against the flats of polycrystalline alumina cylinders using a low load, low velocity, single pass device. Ion-implantations of titanium into polycrystalline alumina flats and nitrogen into beta-titatnium wires reduced the static and kinetic coefficients from 0.50 and 0.44 before implantation to 0.20 and 0.25 after implantation, respectively. These results are similar in magnitude to frictional coefficients for unimplanted, control couples of stainless steel, cobalt-chromium, and nickel titanium wires against polycrystalline alumina flats. For orthodontic applications, we conclude that more efficient and reproducible appliances can be engineered for tooth movement if ion-implantation is used to reduce the abrasion of beta-titanium by polycrystalline alumina.

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