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Spatiotemporal Quantification of Local Drug Delivery Using MRI

Authors
Journal
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
1748-670X
Publisher
Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Publication Date
Volume
2013
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1155/2013/149608
Keywords
  • Research Article

Abstract

Controlled release formulations for local, in vivo drug delivery are of growing interest to device manufacturers, research scientists, and clinicians; however, most research characterizing controlled release formulations occurs in vitro because the spatial and temporal distribution of drug delivery is difficult to measure in vivo. In this work, in vivo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of local drug delivery was performed to visualize and quantify the time resolved distribution of MRI contrast agents. Three-dimensional T1 maps (generated from T1-weighted images with varied TR) were processed using noise-reducing filtering. A segmented region of contrast, from a thresholded image, was converted to concentration maps using the equation 1/T1 = 1/T1,0 + R1C, where T1,0 and T1 are the precontrast and postcontrast T1 map values, respectively. In this technique, a uniform estimated value for T1,0 was used. Error estimations were performed for each step. The practical usefulness of this method was assessed using comparisons between devices located in different locations both with and without contrast. The method using a uniform T1,0, requiring no registration of pre- and postcontrast image volumes, was compared to a method using either affine or deformation registrations.

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