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Potential cardiovascular effects of anxiolytics.

Authors
Publisher
Croatian Cardiac Society; [email protected]
Publication Date
Keywords
  • Anksiolitici
  • Anksioznost
  • Iznenadna Srčana Smrt
  • Kardiovaskularne Bolesti.
  • Anxiolytics
  • Anxiety
  • Sudden Cardiac Death
  • Cardiovascular Diseases.
Disciplines
  • Medicine
  • Psychology

Abstract

Besides traditional risk factors of the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases, various psychological and social factors attract ever greater attention, whereby anxiety is the factor that is more and more mentioned among them. Anxiety disorders increase a risk of occurrence of ventricular arrhythmia and occurrence of sudden cardiac death as a consequence of damaged balance of autonomic nervous system and reduced baroflex control. Anxious persons also show a higher risk of occurrence of coronary heart disease and myocardial infarction. The drugs from the group of anxiolytics could have positive cardiovascular effects that would be mediated by decreased anxiety and total sympathetic activity, prevented arrhythmogenesis, reduced peripheral vascular resistance, lowered blood pressure, aortic pressure and pressure in pulmonary artery and the pressure in the left heart at the end of the diastole and a series of other mechanisms.

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