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Devolatilization of wood particles in a hot fluidized bed: Product yields and conversion rates

Authors
Journal
Biomass and Bioenergy
0961-9534
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
32
Issue
12
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2008.02.010
Keywords
  • Fluidized Bed
  • Gasification
  • Olivine
  • Pyrolysis
  • Ostrya Carpinifolia
  • European Hop-Hornbeam

Abstract

Abstract Spherical wood particles of various well-defined diameters were fed into a bed of fluidized olivine maintained at temperatures in the range of 700–900 °C. The fluidizing gas was either nitrogen or a steam–nitrogen mixture, and the wooden spheres were introduced in two different ways: on to the bed surface and deep into the bed itself. The resulting gas, tar and char yields were found to be influenced by the method of feed introduction as well as by the bed temperature, fluidizing gas composition and wood particle diameter. The total devolatilization time was correlated by means of a power law expression similar to that used for coal devolatilization and having the advantage of being able to fit well the experimental data over the full temperature range in both nitrogen and steam–nitrogen atmospheres.

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