Abstract Interleukin-18 (IL-18)/interferon- γ-inducing factor (IGIF) is a novel cytokine which plays an important role in Th1 responses. Here we describe a simple, sensitive bioassay for human IL-18 using the human myelomonocytic cell line, KG-1, which produces IFN- γ in response to human IL-18. IFN- γ production induced by human IL-18 was completely blocked by an antibody against human IL-18. Human IL-18 could be measured in a concentration range from approximately 100 to 10,000 pg/ml, and intra- and inter-assay coefficient variations were both below 15%. It was possible to measure human IL-18 in human serum, cell lysate or culture supernatant by this bioassay. Thus, the human IL-18 bioassay can be expected to be useful in the investigation of the relationship between human IL-18 and various diseases or in analyzing the mechanisms of human IL-18 secretion from IL-18 producing cells.