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Haemagglutinin activity in the haemolymph of individual Acrididae (grasshopper) specimens

Authors
Journal
Journal of Insect Physiology
0022-1910
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
29
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0022-1910(83)90112-9

Abstract

Abstract Twenty-four individual grasshopper specimens representing four Melanoplus spp. contained similar broad-spectrum haemolymphatic haemagglutinin. The agglutinin activity showed highest titre toward human ABO and rabbit cells among nine types of erythrocytes tested. Titre values differed between individual insects but agglutination specificity toward different erythrocytes was similar. Agglutination of type-O red cells by individual grasshopper haemolymph was inhibited by 34 of 41 tested carbohydrates, carbohydrate derivatives, alcohols and chelating agents. Individual insects showed similar patterns of haemagglutination inhibition. Non-inhibitory compounds were mannose and mannose derivatives (excepting N-acetylneuraminate), several glucose derivatives, amino sugars and ethanol. The observations indicated that haemolymph from an individual grasshopper contained complex heteroagglutinin activity similar to that found in haemolymph pooled from several insects. Determination of minimal effective inhibitor concentrations confirmed the presence of heteroagglutinin activity primarily directed toward galactose and glucose and related α-linked glycosidic derivatives.

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