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Towards an efficient use of the BLAS library for multilinear tensor contractions

Authors
Journal
Applied Mathematics and Computation
0096-3003
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
235
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.amc.2014.02.051
Keywords
  • Tensors
  • High-Performance Multi-Linear Computations
  • Blas
  • Tensor Contractions In Quantum Chemistry
Disciplines
  • Computer Science
  • Engineering
  • Mathematics
  • Physics

Abstract

Abstract Mathematical operators whose transformation rules constitute the building blocks of a multi-linear algebra are widely used in physics and engineering applications where they are very often represented as tensors. In the last century, thanks to the advances in tensor calculus, it was possible to uncover new research fields and make remarkable progress in the existing ones, from electromagnetism to the dynamics of fluids and from the mechanics of rigid bodies to quantum mechanics of many atoms. By now, the formal mathematical and geometrical properties of tensors are well defined and understood; conversely, in the context of scientific and high-performance computing, many tensor-related problems are still open. In this paper, we address the problem of efficiently computing contractions among two tensors of arbitrary dimension by using kernels from the highly optimized BLAS library. In particular, we establish precise conditions to determine if and when GEMM, the kernel for matrix products, can be used. Such conditions take into consideration both the nature of the operation and the storage scheme of the tensors, and induce a classification of the contractions into three groups. For each group, we provide a recipe to guide the users towards the most effective use of BLAS.

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