Abstract As a tool to better understand the organization of the olfactory pathway three monoclonal antibodies have been isolated and characterized each having a unique staining pattern in the antenna and antennal lobe of Drosophila melanogaster. Monoclonal antibody F14-2D6 stains sensilla coeloconica and thick sensilla basiconica in the funiculus, Y1-3D10 stains only a few sensilla especially in and around the sacculus, while F15-12E8 stains all the sensilla. All three antibodies stain a subset of the glomeruli in the antennal lobe, of which 11 glomeruli are stained in common by all three antibodies. These antibodies could be used to study projection patterns of the sensilla into the antennal lobe. Glomerular staining was observed at different developmental times with the different antibodies. F15-12E8 stains all the glomeruli at eclosion, Y1-3D10 stains only a few glomeruli at eclosion but most glomeruli are stained by the first day after eclosion. F14-2D6 stains all glomeruli only after eclosion. F15-12E8 also stains the mushroom bodies. The antigen recognized by F14-2D6 in the glomeruli shows an increase with age of the flies, measured as increased intensity of staining. These observations suggest that age-related changes continue in the antennal lobe of the flies even after eclosion. These antibodies could therefore serve as unique markers for other studies on the development of the olfactory system.