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Pacemakers and magnetic resonance imaging: Current status and survey in Switzerland

EMH Swiss Medical Publishers
Publication Date
  • Clinic For Cardiology
  • Institute Of Biomedical Engineering
  • 170 Ethics
  • 610 Medicine & Health
  • Medicine


Electromagnetic fields arising from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can cause various clinically relevant functional disturbances in patients with cardiac pacemakers. Consequently, an implanted pacemaker is generally considered a contraindication for an MRI scan. With approximately 60 million MRI scans performed worldwide per year, MRI may be indicated for an estimated majority of pacemaker patients during the lifetime of their pacemakers. The availability of MR conditional pacemakers with CE labelling is of particular advantage since they allow the safe use of pacemakers in MRI. In this article the current state of knowledge on pacemakers and MR imaging is discussed. We present the results of a survey conducted among Swiss radiologists to assess current practice in patients with pacemakers.

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