This bachelor thesis is a thesis of understanding to financial derivatives namely to futures contracts. In this thesis are included as theoretical way-outs as to financial markets, derivatives and futures specifically, so thesis serves also statistical summary of total values, traded contracts and futures trades for individual years namely from the beginning their trading up to year 2011, owing to is seen interest in a course of time about this kind of a financial derivatives. Prague stock exchange, a. s. started trade with this financial instrument in May 2006, when was at first started trading with futures on underlying PX index. At the beginning of year 2007 was extended trading by the other two underlyings. Trading with the futures is realized on a specialized controlled market and technically is used for trading space of a business segment SPAD, thus is liquidity of market ensured by market makers, who keep supply and demand. Henceforth thesis includes also informations about the position of futures on Prague stock exchange, a. s. in a course of time and which is their probable development in a future.