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Microstructure and kinetics evolution in MgH2–TiO2 pellets after hydrogen cycling

Journal of Alloys and Compounds
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2013.12.003
  • Metal Hydrides
  • Mechanical Alloying
  • Scanning Electron Microscopy
  • Physics


Abstract The interest in Mg-based hydrides for solid state hydrogen storage is associated to their capability to reversibly absorb and desorb large amounts of hydrogen. In this work MgH2 powder with 5wt.% TiO2 was ball milled for 10h. The as-milled nanostructured powder was enriched with 5wt.% of Expanded Natural Graphite (ENG) and then compacted in cylindrical pellets by cold pressing using different loads. Both the powder and the pellets were subjected to kinetic and thermodynamic tests using a Sievert’s type gas reaction controller, in order to study the microstructural and kinetic changes which took place during repeated H2 absorption and desorption cycles. The pellets exhibited good kinetic performance and durability, even if the pressure of compaction revealed to be an important parameter for their mechanical stability. Scanning Electron Microscopy observations of as-prepared and cycled pellets were carried out to investigate the evolution of their microstructure. In turn the phase composition before and after cycling was analyzed by X-ray diffraction.

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