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Electrochemical removal and release of perchlorate using poly(aniline-co-o-aminophenol)

Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/j.jelechem.2010.01.021
  • Removal Perchlorate
  • Electric Switch
  • Nanostructured Poly(Aniline-Co-O-Aminophenol)
  • Xps Spectra
  • Infrared Spectra
  • Chemistry


Abstract A nanostructured conducting copolymer poly(aniline- co-o-aminophenol) (PANOA) was electrochemically synthesized on a glassy carbon (GC) electrode and its redox and anion exchange properties for perchlorate removal were investigated by cyclic voltammetry, FTIR, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Results from cyclic voltammograms in a wide range of solution pHs showed that this conducting polymer had a good redox electrochemical stability and reversibility. FTIR spectra demonstrated that ClO 4 - ions were immobilized in the copolymer film after its oxidation in a solution containing NaCl and NaClO 4. The result of XPS spectra showed that the copolymer films oxidized in a solution containing 0.10 M NaCl and 0.010 M NaClO 4 at pH 5.7 and 9.0 had ClO 4 - / Cl - molar ratio of 0.53 and 0.31, respectively, which were significantly higher than the ratio of 0.10 in the tested aqueous solution. The results, thus, indicated that the PANOA copolymer can be used to develop an electrically controlled anion-exchange process to remove perchlorate from the industrial wastewaters. This would be an environment-friendly green process, as it does not face the brine disposal problem, as encountered in traditional ion-exchange processes that required uses of regenerative agents.

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