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Noninvasive indices of repolarization and its dispersion

Journal of Electrocardiology
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/s0022-0736(99)90073-0
  • Vii. Ventricular Repolarization


Abstract In experimental studies using Langendorff perfused, isolated canine hearts immersed in a torso-shaped electrolytic tank we studied repolarization and its dispersion using direct epicardial measurements and newly derived, noninvasive body surface indices. Activation recovery intervals (ARIs) measured from 64 epicardial sites based on differences between activation times (ATs) and recovery times (RTs) provided direct measures of repolarization. The indirect, torso surface indices were derived from inflections of the root-mean-square (RMS) voltage of the torso tank surface electrocardiograms recorded simultaneously with the epicardial data. For cycle lengths ranging from 300 to 900 ms, and electrolyte temperatures ranging from 32°C to 40°C we calculated mean, variance, and range of ATs, RTs, and ARIs from the epicardium. From epicardial and torso surface RMS waveforms, we used times of R and T peaks and their differences to estimate mean ATs, RTs, and ARIs, respectively. The RMS T wave width as determined from the second derivative inflections on either side of the T peak served as an estimate of the dispersion of RTs. In parallel studies, we showed that the direct measures of repolarization and its dispersion were reflected in RMS waveforms generated from the epicardial electrograms themselves. In this study, we confirm that the torso and epicardial RMS waveforms reflect comparable information for estimating repolarization and its dispersion. Furthermore, the derived measures provide a method to assess mean ARIs and dispersion of RTs on a beat-to-beat basis and during abnormal (ectopic ventricular) activation sequences.

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