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Direct measurements of particle flux along gap sides in castellated plasma facing component in COMPASS

Authors
Journal
Fusion Engineering and Design
0920-3796
Publisher
Elsevier
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.fusengdes.2014.01.008
Keywords
  • Plasma Deposition
  • Gap
  • Castellation
  • Tokamak
  • Probe
  • Simulation
  • Compass
Disciplines
  • Design

Abstract

Abstract In this paper, we report results of a dedicated experiment that gives the plasma penetration profiles inside a gap of a tokamak castellated plasma-facing component. A specially designed probe that recreates a gap between two tiles has been built for the purpose of this study. It allows to measure ion saturation profiles along the 2 sides and at the bottom of the gap for both poloidal and toroidal orientations. The novelty of such experiment is the real time measurement of the plasma flux inside the gap during a tokamak D-shaped discharge compared to previous experimental studies which were mainly post-mortem. This experiment was performed in the COMPASS tokamak and results are compared with particle-in-cell simulations. The plasma deposition is found to be asymmetric in both orientations with a stronger effect in poloidal gaps. The Larmor radius of the incoming ions plays a role in the plasma penetration only in poloidal gaps but seems to have little impact in toroidal gaps. Profiles are qualitatively well reproduced by simulations. Ion current is recorded at the bottom of a toroidal gap under certain conditions.

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