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Simultaneous analysis of hyoscyamine, scopolamine, 6β-hydroxyhyoscyamine and apoatropine in Solanaceous hairy roots by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography

Journal of Chromatography A
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2005.07.016
  • Datura Innoxia
  • Atropa Belladonna
  • Hyoscyamine
  • Scopolamine
  • 6β-Hydroxyhyoscyamine


Abstract A new high-performance liquid chromatographic method is described for tropane alkaloid analysis in genetically transformed root cultures of Datura innoxia Mill. and Atropa belladonna L. Sample preparation, tropane alkaloid extraction with chloroform–methanol–concentrated ammonia 15:5:1 (v/v/v), was followed by solid-phase extraction on Supelclean LC-18 cartridges. Optimized conditions and careful pH control resulted in high recovery and reproducibility. Simultaneous determination of apoatropine, 6β-hydroxyhyoscyamine, hyoscyamine and scopolamine was performed by HPLC on C18 (2) reversed-phase column. The application of Luna new-generation silica-based stationary phase resulted in excellent peak shapes using an ion-pair reagent and triethanolamine free mobile phase and allowed to exploit the full power of pH-dependent selectivity. Simplicity and improved selectivity make this method a preferred alternative of published ion-pair chromatographic methods. Validation studies proved that the global method has good repeatability and satisfactory recovery. Absolute limits of detection were 0.6, 0.6, and 0.8 ng for hyoscyamine, 6β-hydroxyhyoscyamine, and scopolamine respectively.

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