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Cell uptake, distribution and response to aluminium chloro sulphonated phthalocyanine, a potential anti-tumour photosensitizer.

British Journal of Cancer
Nature Publishing Group
Publication Date
  • Research Article
  • Medicine


The uptake, retention and effects of aluminium chloro sulphonated phthalocyanine (AlSPc) were measured in two cell lines, UV-2237 a murine fibrosarcoma and the non-tumorigenic NIH/3T3 fibroblast line. The behaviour of cells treated with AlSPc was compared with that of those treated with haematoporphyrin derivative (HpD), a photosensitizer often used in photodynamic therapy (PDT) of cancer. AlSPc absorbs light strongly in the red region, is taken up by cells in a dose dependent fashion and is retained in vitro over a period of days (5 days after exposure greater than 40% remains cell-associated versus less than 25% of HpD). Additionally AlSPc was less cytotoxic to cells, maintained in darkness or exposed to room light, compared to HpD (100% viability versus 0% viability 3 days after 60 min exposure to room light). However red light (approximately 600-700 nm) caused greater toxicity in AlSPc-treated cells (100%) than in similarly exposed HpD-treated cells (less than 60%). No significant differences were detected between the responses of the fibrosarcoma and the fibroblast cell lines. These characteristics of AlSPc suggest that it may prove to be a useful photosensitizer for PDT of cancer and this possibility is discussed. Images Figure 4

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