Affordable Access

Publisher Website

Locus of control, type of stressor, and appraisal within a cognitive-phenomenological model of stress

Authors
Journal
Journal of Research in Personality
0092-6566
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
21
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0092-6566(87)90009-2
Disciplines
  • Medicine
  • Philosophy

Abstract

Abstract Measures of appraisal, situational stressor, and locus of control were administered to first- and second-year medical students ( n = 433). Based on a cognitive-phenomenological model of stress, it was hypothesized that appraisals of threat/challenge and change/accept would be related to locus of control differentially depending on the type of stressor or situation appraised. Three types of stressors were examined related to the academic environment, social/familial issues, and personal performance. Internals and externals did not differ in their appraisal of social stressors. Internals, compared with externals, perceived less threat and more mutability when appraising personal performance stressors. In contrast, when appraising stressors in the academic environment internals actually perceived less mutability than externals. More importantly, however, internals accepted academic stressors perceived to be unchangeable, whereas externals did not. The observed I-E/situational stressor interactions were in line with expectations from existing theory. The fact that appraisal was better predicted by the interaction of person and situation factors rather than by either factor alone lends support to a cognitive-phenomenological model of stress.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.