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Impact of positive and anxious mood on implicit alcohol-related cognitions in internally motivated undergraduate drinkers

Authors
Journal
Addictive Behaviors
0306-4603
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
32
Issue
10
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2007.02.012
Keywords
  • Implicit Cognition
  • Alcohol Stroop Task
  • Anxiety-Related Coping Motive
  • Enhancement Motive
  • Alcohol Use Motives
  • Musical Mood Induction Procedures
Disciplines
  • Musicology

Abstract

Abstract We explored the impact of musically induced positive and anxious mood on the implicit alcohol-related cognitions of 48 undergraduate students who drink either to enhance positive mood states (EM) or to cope with anxiety (CM-anxiety). Participants completed a post-mood induction computerized alcohol Stroop task that taps implicit alcohol-related cognitions. As hypothesized, CM-anxiety participants in the anxious (but not those in the positive) mood condition showed longer colour-naming latencies for alcohol ( vs. non-alcohol) targets ( i.e., an attentional bias toward alcohol-related stimuli). Also conforming to expectation was the finding that EM participants in the positive (but not those in the anxious) mood condition displayed longer colour-naming latencies for ( i.e., an attentional bias toward) alcohol ( vs. non-alcohol) target words.

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