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Social facilitation effects resulting from locus of control using human and computer experimenters

Authors
Journal
Computers in Human Behavior
0747-5632
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
1
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0747-5632(85)90025-1
Disciplines
  • Design
  • Psychology

Abstract

Abstract The present experiment was designed to test the hypothesis that people with an internal locus of control (Rotter, 1966) will perform equally well in a paired associate verbal learning task regardless of whether the trials are administered by a computer or human experimenter, while people with an external locus of control will perform better when learning trials are administered by a human experimenter. A computer and a human experimenter were used to test 60 subjects who had been divided into either internal or external locus of control groups in a one-trial-to-learn paired associate task. An analysis of variance confirmed the study's hypothesis, revealing a significant interaction between subjects' locus of control and their performance in the two testing conditions. Implications for the use of the computer in psychological research are discussed.

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