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(i) Spinal deformity—basic principles

Authors
Journal
Current Orthopaedics
0268-0890
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
18
Issue
6
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.cuor.2004.12.001
Keywords
  • Spinal Deformity
  • Scoliosis
  • Kyphosis
  • Clinical Features
  • Treatment

Abstract

Summary Board-certifying or FRCS Orth-type examination candidates do not need to have a comprehensive knowledge of spinal deformities but they are expected to be familiar with the basic principles. This review article covers definitions and terminology, curve characteristics such as methods of measurement, curve patterns, spinal balance and measures of adolescent growth. The aetiological classification is tabulated and the more important deformity types—idiopathic, congenital and neuromuscular, are described.

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