Affordable Access

Publisher Website

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Is a Predictor of Abnormal Glucose Metabolism in Chronically Sleep Deprived Obese Adults

Public Library of Science
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0065400
  • Research Article
  • Biology
  • Anatomy And Physiology
  • Endocrine System
  • Diabetic Endocrinology
  • Physiological Processes
  • Medicine
  • Sleep
  • Endocrinology
  • Diabetes Mellitus Type 2
  • Global Health
  • Metabolic Disorders
  • Neurology
  • Sleep Disorders
  • Nutrition
  • Public Health
  • Pulmonology
  • Sleep And Ventilation Disorders
  • Medicine


Context Sleep abnormalities, including obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), have been associated with insulin resistance. Objective To determine the relationship between sleep, including OSA, and glucose parameters in a prospectively assembled cohort of chronically sleep-deprived obese subjects. Design Cross-sectional evaluation of a prospective cohort study. Setting Tertiary Referral Research Clinical Center. Main Outcome Measure(s) Sleep duration and quality assessed by actigraphy, sleep diaries and questionnaires, OSA determined by a portable device; glucose metabolism assessed by oral glucose tolerance test (oGTT), and HbA1c concentrations in 96 obese individuals reporting sleeping less than 6.5 h on a regular basis. Results Sixty % of subjects had an abnormal respiratory disturbance index (RDI≥5) and 44% of these subjects had abnormal oGTT results. Severity of OSA as assessed by RDI score was associated with fasting glucose (R = 0.325, p = 0.001) and fasting insulin levels (ρ = 0.217, p = 0.033). Subjects with moderate to severe OSA (RDI>15) had higher glucose concentrations at 120 min than those without OSA (RDI<5) (p = 0.017). Subjects with OSA also had significantly higher concentrations of plasma ACTH (p = 0.009). Several pro-inflammatory cytokines were higher in subjects with OSA (p<0.050). CRP levels were elevated in this sample, suggesting increased cardiovascular risk. Conclusions OSA is associated with impaired glucose metabolism in obese, sleep deprived individuals. Since sleep apnea is common and frequently undiagnosed, health care providers should be aware of its occurrence and associated risks. Trial Registration This study was conducted under the NIDDK protocol 06-DK-0036 and is listed in NCT00261898

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.