The dissertation has firstly attempted to identify counter-terrorism commitments in Kenya, Ghana. Senegal and Uganda. Secondly, it focused on the political processes or dynamics in place when countries pass anti-terror legislations. Kenya and Uganda were chosen in the study as they had experienced the direct threat of terrorism and inversely Ghana and Senegal were chosen as they has no direct experience with terrorism in their countries. These two distinctions between countries, when discussing terrorism, are important as they identify different political dynamics within countries that had and had not experienced terrorism. Each of the four countries under review had displayed their political will and commitment to prevent and combat terrorism by becoming parties to international and regional counter-terrorism measures. It seems evident that in most countries under review the institution of anti-terrorism legislation was as a result of international pressure after the attacks of September 11, 2001. The countries chosen have instituted the international measures to combat terrorism, however when enacting national legislation it has been a more lengthy, difficult and controversial process. The reasons for this are as a result of the struggle to define terrorism as well as the prevention of human rights abuses.