Abstract The study by Yudovich [V.I. Yudovich, Example of the generation of a secondary stationary or periodic flow when there is loss of stability of the laminar flow of a viscous incompressible fluid, J. Math. Mech. 29 (1965) 587–603] on spatially periodic flows forced by a single Fourier mode proved the existence of two-dimensional spectral spaces and each space gives rise to a bifurcating steady-state solution. The investigation discussed herein provides a structure of secondary steady-state flows. It is constructed explicitly by an expansion that when the Reynolds number increases across each of its critical values, a unique steady-state solution bifurcates from the basic flow along each normal vector of the two-dimensional spectral space. Thus, at a single Reynolds number supercritical value, the bifurcating steady-state solutions arising from the basic solution form a circle.