Affordable Access

Publisher Website

Kinetic modeling and thermodynamic study to remove Pb(II), Cd(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) from aqueous solution using dead and livingAzolla filiculoides

Authors
Journal
Journal of Hazardous Materials
0304-3894
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
134
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2005.10.042
Keywords
  • Azolla Filiculoides
  • Heavy Metals Uptake
  • Kinetic And Thermodynamic Study

Abstract

Abstract Dead Azolla filiculoides can remove Pb 2+,Cd 2+, Ni 2+ and Zn 2+ corresponding to second-order kinetic model. The maximum adsorption capacity ( Q max) to remove these metal ions by the alkali and CaCl 2/MgCl 2/NaCl (2:1:1, molar ratio) activated Azolla from 283 to 313 K was 1.431–1.272, 1.173–0.990, 1.365–1.198 and 1.291–0.981 mmol/g dry biomass, respectively. Q max to remove these heavy metals by the non-activated Azolla at the mentioned temperature range was obtained 1.131–0.977, 1.092–0.921, 1.212–0.931 and 1.103–0.923 mmol/g dry biomass, respectively. In order to remove these metal ions by the activated Azolla, the enthalpy change (Δ H) was −4.403, −4.495, −4.557 and −4.365 kcal/mol and the entropy change (Δ S) was 2.290, 1.268, 1.745 and 1.006 cal/mol K, respectively. While, to remove these metal ions by the non-activated Azolla, Δ H was −3.685, −3.766, −3.967 and −3.731 kcal/mol and Δ S was 2.440, 1.265, 1.036 and 0.933 cal/mol K, respectively. On the other hand, the living Azolla removed these heavy metals corresponding to first-order kinetic model. It was also shown that pH, temperature and photoperiod were effective both on the rate of Azolla growth and the rate of heavy metals uptake during 10 days. It was appeared the use of Ca(NO 3) 2 increased both Azolla growth rate and the rate of heavy metals uptake while the using KNO 3 although increased Azolla growth rate but decreased the rate of heavy metals uptake.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.