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DNA polymerases from Chlamydomonas reinhardii. Further characterization, action of inhibitors and associated nuclease activities.

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PMC
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  • Research Article

Abstract

The properties of three DNA polymerase species A, B and C, purified from Chlamydomonas reinhardii were compared. DNA polymerases A and B have Km values with respect to deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates of 19 micron and 3 micron respectively. DNA polymerase A is most active with activated DNA, but will also use native DNA and synthetic RNA and DNA templates with DNA primers. DNA polymerase B is also most active with activated DNA, but will use denatured DNA and synthetic DNA templates. It is inactive with RNA templates. DNA polymerase B is completely inactive in the presence of 100 micron-heparin, which has no effect on DNA polymerase A activity. Heparin dissociates DNA polymerase B into subunits that are still catalytically active, but which heparin inhibited. DNA polymerase B possesses deoxyribonuclease activity that is inhibited by 5 micron-heparin, suggesting that the deoxyribonuclease is an integral part of the DNA polymerase moiety. DNA polymerase A is devoid of nuclease activity. DNA polymerase C is similar to DNA polymerase B in all these properties, though it is more active with RNA primers and has greater heat-sensitivity.

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