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Nature Conservation in European Socialist Countries

  • Ecology
  • Economics
  • Geography
  • Political Science


The establishment of the socialist economic system in Bulgaria, Hungary, the German Democratic Republic, Poland, Romania, and Czechoslovakia created conditions for more effective nature conservation measures in these countries. The success of the environmental protection efforts of CMEA [Council for Mutual Economic Assistance] member nations has been the result of the advantages of the socialist economic system compared with capitalism. The most important of these advantages is socialist ownership of the means of production, including natural resources-land, forests, water, minerals, and the animal world. This means that each socialist country has the full opportunity to implement nature conservation measures on the basis of social interests.

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