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Spontaneous onset of labor, not route of delivery, is associated with prolonged length of stay in babies with gastroschisis

Authors
Journal
Journal of Pediatric Surgery
0022-3468
Publisher
Elsevier
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2014.09.021
Keywords
  • Gastroschisis
  • Labor
  • Elective Delivery
  • Gestational Age
  • Pregnancy Outcomes
  • Regressions Analysis
Disciplines
  • Medicine

Abstract

Abstract Background/Purpose We studied obstetric delivery practices for fetal gastroschisis and correlated this with neonatal outcomes. Our objectives were to identify changes in delivery practices over time and to determine if these changes resulted in improved neonatal outcomes. Methods After IRB approval, maternal and neonatal records from 219 gastroschisis births between 1990 and 2008 were reviewed. Obstetrical data and neonatal data were collected. Univariate comparisons were made between maternal delivery variables and neonatal outcomes. Significant and clinically relevant obstetrical variables were combined for multivariate linear regression modeling. Results The practice of elective cesarean delivery (ELCS) shifted to spontaneous vaginal delivery (sVD) over time (p <0.001). Babies born by sVD had longer hospitalization than those born by ELCS (median 36.0 vs 21.6days, p <0.05). Gestational age (GA) and birth weight were similar between groups. Babies born by induced VD (iVD) had short hospitalization (median 22.5days). A linear regression model demonstrated that spontaneous onset of labor (SOL) and GA were independently related to LOS. Conclusions Over nearly two decades, delivery of gastroschisis babies shifted from ELCS to sVD, a practice associated with a significantly longer LOS. Regression models suggest that shorter LOS could be achieved if elective delivery modes are utilized prior to SOL.

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