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Repertorios abiertos: el libre acceso a contenidos

RUSC. Universities and Knowledge Society Journal
Publication Date
  • Communication


03.qxd Revista de Universidad y Sociedad del Conocimiento Vol. 2 - N.º 2 / Noviembre de 2005 ISSN 1698-580X 1 1 17 © Jordi Serrano Muñoz y Jordi Prats Prat, 2005 © FUOC, 2005 Repertorios abiertos: el libre acceso a los contenidos Jordi Serrano Jordi Prats Abstract New information and communication technologies are modifying the mechanisms used by distinct communi- ties to communicate among themselves. In academic or scientific communities, currently one must speak of open-access archives or the open access movement. Ba- sed on the principle of open access to knowledge, scien- tists are aware that the current systems of publishing and communicating their studies is more and more eli- tist and, consequently, exclusive. Within this framework, the first initiatives to create open archives for specialized documents appeared at the beginning of the 1990s. The aim was to facilitate ac- cess to these documents, which had hitherto been avai- lable only to those who could pay. Since then, the principles governing this movement ha- ve evolved. Currently, it is the academic institutions themselves that support the creation of these archives with the aim of protecting rights over their activities at the same time as they facilitate knowledge transfer through the web. Although these systems do not yield to traditional methods of evaluating results, such as peer review, their use is becoming increasingly frequent, to such a degree that their contents are often more com- monly cited, and therefore used, than those of tradi- tional scientific journals. Far from substituting these journals, they are perceived as complementary to esta- blished mechanisms of validating science, providing more agile, accessible and less rigid environments. Key words open-access archives, open access, repositories, scienti- fic communication Resumen Las nuevas tecnologías de la información y la comunica- ción están modificando los mecanismos utilizados por distintas comunidades para

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