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Influence of clinical and hemodynamic characteristics on signal-averaged electrocardiogram in postoperative tetralogy of Fallot

Authors
Journal
The American Journal of Cardiology
0002-9149
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
71
Issue
4
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0002-9149(93)90798-h
Keywords
  • Congenital Heart Disease

Abstract

Abstract This study examines the relation between signal-averaged electrocardiographic measurements and the occurrence of spontaneous ventricular arrhythmias in 86 patients with a postoperative right bundle branch block after repair of tetralogy of Fallot; special attention was given to the influence of age, body surface area and right ventricular systolic pressure on signal-averaged electrocardiograms. Twenty-eight of the 86 patients had significant ventricular arrhythmias on 24-hour ambulatory monitoring. A positive linear correlation was found between filtered QRS duration and age at evaluation or body surface area (r = 0.45, p = 0.00001; r = 0.54, p < 0.00001, respectively) and between amplitude of the last 40 ms of the filtered QRS and right ventricular systolic pressure (r = 0.48, p < 0.001). A negative linear correlation was found between amplitude of the last 40 ms of the filtered QRS and age at evaluation or body surface area (r = −0.27, p = 0.01; r = −0.34, p = 0.002, respectively). When the age of the patients or the body surface area was considered with an analysis of covariance, the presence of ventricular arrhythmias was associated with a higher amplitude of the last 40 ms of the filtered QRS. In addition, an amplitude of the last 40 ms of the filtered QRS > 170 μV had an excellent sensitivity (100%) and a good specificity (88%) for identifying patients with both right ventricular systolic hypertension and spontaneous ventricular arrhythmia. Thus, adjustment of signal-averaged parameters for age at evaluation and body size is mandatory when studying postoperative tetralogy of Fallot.

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