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Pharmacokinetics of moxifloxacin in plasma and tissue of morbidly obese patients

Authors
Publisher
Oxford Univ. Press
Keywords
  • 610 Medizin
  • 615 Pharmazie

Abstract

Objectives: To assess the pharmacokinetics of moxifloxacin in morbidly obese patients. Methods: Twelve morbidly obese patients (2 male/10 female, age 25–61 years, weight 98–166 kg, body mass index 43.0–58.2 kg/m2) scheduled for gastric bypass surgery were treated with 400 mg of moxifloxacin orally once daily for 3 days and with 400 mg of moxifloxacin intravenously on day 4 (day of surgery). Pharmacokinetic analysis was performed on day 1 and day 4. Specimens of small intestine, greater omentum and subcutaneous adipose tissue were collected intraoperatively 1.8–3.7 h after moxifloxacin infusion. Moxifloxacin concentrations were determined by HPLC. Results: The plasma pharmacokinetics (mean ± SD) was comparable to historical data in normal-weight subjects. Oral bioavailability was 79.6% ± 11.5%. After intravenous administration, plasma clearance was 9.6 ± 2.0 L/h, volume of distribution was 165 ± 30 L and area under the curve was 43.7 ± 11.8 mg·h/L. Linear regression analysis showed the volume of distribution to be better correlated with ideal body weight, lean body weight, fat-free mass or height (R2 = 0.60–0.67, P = 0.001–0.003) than with total body weight (R2 = 0.46, P = 0.015). Whereas mean tissue concentrations in small intestine (6.99 ± 2.34 mg/kg) were twice the concomitant plasma concentrations, the concentrations in greater omentum (0.801 ± 0.168 mg/kg) or subcutaneous fat (0.638 ± 0.180 mg/kg) were only one-quarter of those. Conclusions: The pharmacokinetics of moxifloxacin is not significantly affected by morbid obesity. No dose adjustment seems to be necessary in this particular population.

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