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Chemical synthesis of oligodeoxyribonucleotides containing the Dewar valence isomer of the (6–4) photoproduct and their use in (6–4) photolyase studies

Nucleic Acids Research
Oxford University Press
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkl572
  • Chemistry
  • Biology


The pyrimidine(6–4)pyrimidone photoproduct, a major UV lesion formed between adjacent pyrimidine bases, is transformed to its Dewar valence isomer upon exposure to UVA/UVB light. We have synthesized a phosphoramidite building block of the Dewar photoproduct formed at the thymidylyl(3′–5′)thymidine site and incorporated it into oligodeoxyribonucleotides. The diastereoisomers of the partially protected dinucleoside monophosphate bearing the (6–4) photoproduct, which were caused by the chirality of the phosphorus atom, were separated by reversed-phase chromatography, and the (6–4) photoproduct was converted to the Dewar photoproduct by irradiation of each isomer with Pyrex-filtered light from a high-pressure mercury lamp. The Dewar photoproduct was stable under both acidic and alkaline conditions at room temperature. After characterization of the isomerized base moiety by NMR spectroscopy, a phosphoramidite building block was synthesized in three steps. Although the ordinary method could be used for the oligonucleotide synthesis, benzimidazolium triflate as an alternative activator yielded better results. The oligonucleotides were used for the analysis of the reaction and the binding of Xenopus (6–4) photolyase. Although the affinity of this enzyme for the Dewar photoproduct-containing duplex was reportedly similar to that for the (6–4) photoproduct-containing substrate, the results suggested a difference in the binding mode.

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