Turkey's population now seems oriented towards a demographic transition even if this varies greatly between town and countryside, between west and east Turkey. The internal migrations are towards the greater istanbul and Marmara Coast (Bursa), Ankara, the Mediterranean Coast, Izmir, Adana and the large and small cities. The external migration is today towards Arab countries, while back movements from Europe are increasing. To improve population distribution, a regional balance must be pursued. Not only should statistical studies be improved but also effort should be made to improve the health services so as to apply the population control policy.