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Carl G. Niemann--In Memoriam

California Institute of Technology
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  • Obituaries
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Engineering
  • Medicine
  • Pharmacology


CARL NIEMANN Carl G. Niemann, one of the nation's leading or- ganic chemists, and a member of the Caltech fac- ulty for 27 years, died of a heart attack on April 29 in Philadelphia. He was 55. Dr. Niemann and his wife, Mary, were en route to Europe for a vacation. He had been attending the annual meeting of the National Academy of Sciences in Washington, where he presided over a session of the Academy's chemistry section, of which he was chairman. Born in St. Louis, Carl Niemann was graduated from the University of Wisconsin and received his PhD in biochemistry there in 1934. He was a re- search associate at the University of Wisconsin in 1934-35, a fellow of the General Education Board at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research in 1936-37, an assistant in chemistry at the Rock- efeller Institute in 1936-37, and a Rockefeller Foundation Fellow at the University College Hos- pital Medical School in London in 1937-38. He joined the Caltech faculty in 1937 and became a full professor in 1945. Dr. Niemann made outstanding advances in the understanding of enzymes, which control the bio- chemical activities in living cells. Most recently, he had been working on limitations in the speci- ficity of enzymes. He also did significant work on the chemistry of amino acids, peptides, carbohy- drates, and lipids. He had served as chairman of the Caltech faculty and was chairman of the graduate committee of the division of chemistry and chemical engineering. He was also a consultant of E. I. DuPont de Nemours Co. and of the Smith, Kline and French pharmaceutical company. He was elected to the National Academy of Sci- ences in 1952. He was a member of the Ameri- can Chemical Society, the American Society of Biological Chemists, Sigma Xi, and the British Chemical Society. He was a fellow of the Ameri- can Academy of Arts and Sciences and of the New York Academy of Science. A memorial service was held in Dabney Hall on May 12, with eulogies delive

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