Abstract Superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) aggregates are a histological and biochemical correlate of disease progression in neural tissues from mutant SOD1-linked forms of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS). In the present study, we assayed the monomeric and high molecular weight mutant SOD1 content of nervous, muscle and visceral tissues from transgenic SOD1 G93A mice using immunoblotting and zymograms. A progressive age-dependent increase in mutant SOD1 level, aggregation and stabilisation by cross-species heterodimers was determined in lumbar spinal cord, sciatic nerve and gastrocnemius muscle. Such biochemical abnormalities were not present in cervical spinal cord, brainstem and diaphragm muscle, nor common to endogenous mouse SOD1. Mutant dismutase activity in general did not increase correspondingly with accumulating protein at later ages. These results suggest that peripheral targets such as hindlimb skeletal muscle and nerve accumulate mutant SOD1 aggregates and may therefore be susceptible to mutant SOD1-mediated toxicity, in addition to lower and upper motor neurons of the central nervous system in transgenic FALS mice.