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The paper deals with an iron battle-axe found during dredging of the river Cetina in Trilj (fig. 1 and 2). Typologically .this axe is aimost ofao identical shape to those already registered in the professional literature,4 but .its dating and cultural context is a matter of dispute. In a recent paper on a Byzantine battle-axe from Vedrine near Tl'ilj, I dealt with this type ofaxe.l I rtried 10 revise the dating and the cultural evaluation of a complete find from Nartski Novaki. I assumed, led by a comparable find from northern Albania, as well as by the fact that among other types the hoard of Nartski Novaki included a francisca of undoubted Germanic provenance, that the present type of axe with a knee-bent neck also belonged to the Germanic cultural circle. Among the Germani exact analogies have not been found. Close analogies can be found only among the battle-axes of the Merovingian period which have been classified by W. Hiibener into types H and N and dated to the first half of the sixth century.6 The battle-axe from Trilj is no closer to Germanic types than those of Nartski Novaki and Ithose from the cemetery of Kalaja Dalma<;es. The concentration of these almost identical axes (so similar that a single workshop can be presumed) in a relatively small area of the western Bal,kans (fig. 2) in contrast to the other European battle-axes allows the assumption of a local late-antique workshop. Such an assurnption affords a global dating which in the example of the axe from Trilj is obscured by the specific circumstances of disoovery. The dating is based on the Albanian axe (beginning of the sixth century) which was found in a cemetery with a strong Byzantine tradition? and on a revised dating of the axe from Nal'tski Novaki which belonged to a hoard (is a closed find) and was found together with a Germanic francisca from the first half of the sixth century. Thus the axe from Trilj should also be da1l:ed 10 the fil'St half of the sixth century.

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