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Eye-tracking and learning experience: gaze trajectories to better understand the behavior of memorial visitors

Authors
  • Mesmoudi, Salma
  • Hommet, Stanislas
  • Peschanski, Denis
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Eye Movement Research
Publisher
Bern Open Publishing
Publication Date
May 16, 2020
Volume
13
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.16910/jemr.13.2.3
PMID: 33828795
PMCID: PMC7992043
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Research Article
License
Green

Abstract

Eye-tracking technology is increasingly introduced in museums to assess their role in learning and knowledge transfer. However, their use provide limited quantitative and/or qualitative measures such as viewing time and/or gaze trajectory on an isolated object or image (Region of Interest "ROI").The aim of this work is to evaluate the potential of the mobile eye-tracking to quantify the students’ experience and behaviors through their visit of the "Genocide and mass violence" area of the Caen memorial. In this study, we collected eye-tracking data from 17 students during their visit to the memorial. In addition, all visitors filled out a questionnaire before the visit, and a focus group was conducted before and after the visit. The first results of this study allowed us to analyze the viewing time spent by each visitor in front of 19-selected ROIs, and some of their specific sub-parts. The other important result was the reconstruction of the gaze trajectory through these ROIs. Our global trajectory approach allowed to complete the information obtained from an isolated ROI, and to identify some behaviors such as avoidance. Clustering analysis revealed some typical trajectories performed by specific sub-groups. The eye-tracking results were consolidated by the participants' answers during the focus group.

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