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Extremely asymmetrical scattering of optical waves in nonuniform periodic Bragg arrays.

Authors
  • Gramotnev, D K1
  • Pile, D F
  • 1 Centre for Medical and Health Physics, School of Physical Sciences, Queensland University of Technology, GPO Box 2434, Brisbane 4001, Australia. [email protected] , (Australia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Applied optics
Publication Date
Apr 20, 1999
Volume
38
Issue
12
Pages
2440–2450
Identifiers
PMID: 18319809
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The extremely asymmetrical scattering (EAS) of bulk and guided electromagnetic waves in nonuniform periodic Bragg arrays with steplike variations of the grating amplitude is analyzed theoretically by means of a recently developed approach based on allowance for the diffractional divergence of the scattered wave. Arrays of finite and infinite widths are investigated. It is shown that, for thin nonuniform arrays, EAS has the same pattern as for uniform arrays with mean grating amplitude. On the contrary, for wide nonuniform arrays, the scattered wave amplitudes are well determined by local values of the grating amplitude. In this case, the energy of the scattered wave is shown to concentrate mainly in regions with smaller grating amplitude. The sensitivity of EAS to small imperfections of periodic arrays is investigated theoretically. The physical explanation of the observed effects is based on the diffractional divergence of the scattered wave.

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