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The extent of upskilling of the argentine labor market: a simple analysis

Authors
  • Esposto, Alexis S.
  • Giménez, Luis Federico
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2011
Source
DIALNET
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown
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Abstract

Over the last three decades the labor market of most developed countries have experienced a sustained period of upskilling. This means an overall increase in the skill requirement of jobs determined by the demand for skilled labor. This suggests that their labor demand has become more skill intensive, shifting towards skilled workers relatively to unskilled workers. An analysis of job growth of the Argentine labor market between 1997 and 2009 using data from the EPH, evidences a process of deskilling over this period, with serious implications in terms of competitiveness and about issues related to increasing social and economic inequality. / Los países industrializados evidencian un sostenido proceso de upskilling en sus mercados de trabajo durante los últimos treinta años, esto implica que la demanda laboral se ha sesgado hacia ocupaciones intensivas en habilidades y conocimiento, requiriéndose, por ende, mayor proporción de trabajadores con esas características en relación al resto. El estudio, con datos de la EPH, analiza la evolución del mercado laboral argentino verificando características de deskilling (downskilling) entre 1997 y 2009, es decir, manifiesta la ocurrencia de un proceso inverso al de las economías desarrolladas, situación que genera inequidad e impacta negativamente sobre los incentivos y competitividad del país.

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