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Extension of radiolytic procedure to the preparation of conducting polymers in organic solvents : synthesis, characterization and applications

  • Bahry, Teseer
Publication Date
Oct 18, 2019
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The extension of our original radiolytic methodology to the use of organic solvents was an important alternative approach to radiation-induced polymerization of conducting polymers (CPs) in aqueous solutions. The polymerization of CPs was studied by using gamma-radiolysis of several organic solvents under different environmental conditions. The optimization of the synthesis conditions of CPs was then conducted into dichloromethane solvent. After optimization of the synthesis conditions (atmosphere, dose, dose rate, concentration of organic monomers, etc.), the use of dichloromethane radiolysis was successfully employed to synthesize various types of conducting polymers: Poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT), Poly (3-thiophene acetic acid) (PTAA) and Poly (3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT). The radio-synthesized polymers were fully characterized in solution and after deposition by complementary analytical, spectroscopic and microscopic techniques. Also, the simplicity and versatility of radiation induced polymerization of 3-thiophene acetic acid in dichloromethane and in aqueous solutions was demonstrated. The differences between the two radiolysis routes were highlighted. Furthermore, the influence of generating different oxidizing species under different atmospheres (N₂, air or O₂) upon ɣ-irradiation of dichloromethane solutions containing organic monomers was also studied in particular in case of P3HT. The electronic and electrochemical properties were checked for all radio-synthesized CPs. Accordingly, these polymers were then incorporated in hybrid organic and inorganic perovskite solar cells (PSCs) and used as hole transport materials (HTMs). Our new radiolytic strategy described and extended in this manuscript opens the way for the preparation of new nanostructured CPs with controlled morphology and enhanced properties by using microemulsion polymerization and also for the preparation of processable conjugated materials through copolymerization.

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