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Extended orbital exenteration in the treatment of advanced periocular skin cancer with primary reconstruction with a galeacutaneous flap.

Authors
  • 1
Type
Published Article
Journal
Scandinavian journal of plastic and reconstructive surgery and hand surgery
1651-2073
Publication Date
Volume
43
Issue
6
Pages
325–329
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/02844310903138963
PMID: 19995251
Source
Medline

Abstract

Extended orbital exenteration includes the removal of orbital contents together with the surrounding orbital wall(s). Skin cancers (basal cell cancer and squamous cell skin cancer) arising in the periorbital region could present as invasive tumours infiltrating the orbit and orbital walls. We describe the treatment of advanced invasive skin cancers of the periorbital region by extended orbital exenteration. A retrospective consecutive series over a nine-year period, included 21 extended orbital exenterations treated in a tertiary referral centre. The margins of excision were clear in 18. Twenty postoperative defects were reconstructed using galea-skin flaps, and one defect was left to heal by secondary intention. Two patients died of their disease during the three-year follow up. The reconstruction with frontal or frontoparietal galea-skin flap is a suitable option. The technique is versatile and simple, and gives acceptable aesthetic results. The operating time is shorter than that required for microvascular reconstructions, and the complication rate is low. The secondary defect can be closed primarily or by skin grafting. Extended orbital exenteration offers the best chances of cure in the treatment of non-melanotic skin cancers that have infiltrated the orbit and orbital walls.

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