The presence and role of c-ras proteins were investigated in mature human sperm cells. The v-H-ras monoclonal antibody (mAb) against the c-ras protein, p21, reacted specifically with the acrosomal region of methanol-fixed as well as unfixed-live capacitated and non-capacitated human sperm cell in the indirect immunofluorescence technique. The v-H-ras mAb predominantly recognized c-ras protein of 21 kDa on the Western blot of lithium diiodosalicylate (LIS)-solubilized human sperm preparation. The incubation of sperm cells with v-H-ras mAb affected the sperm cell function in the human sperm penetration assay. The antibody significantly reduced the acrosome reaction and release of acrosin activity from the sperm cells. There was no effect of the mAb on percentage motility, although the mAb significantly affected various motility characteristics such as linearity, amplitude of lateral head displacement (ALH) and beat frequency, the motility parameters involved in the hyperactivation phenomenon of sperm cells leading to capacitation and acrosome reaction. These results suggest that the c-ras or c-ras-like proteins are present in mature sperm cell and may have a role in capacitation and/or acrosome reaction of human sperm cell.